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Glossário de acrônimos em inglês - Megaútil - Sulcom Ltda
   Glossário de acrônimos em inglês

 

Glossário de Acrônimos em inglês, utilizados na indústria e  na engenharia
A

A/D

analog to digital

A/P

accounts payable

ACD

automatic call distributor

ACIS

3D geometrical modeling library

ACPI

advanced configuration and power interface

ActiveX

object-oriented programming language for Internet

ADC

advanced data connector

ADM

advanced distribution and manufacturing (Platinum)

ADO

ActiveX data objects

AEC

Alliance for Enterprise Computing

AEC

"architecture, engineering, construction"

AEC

"architecture, engineering, construction"

AGP

accelerated graphics port (Intel)

AI

artificial intelligence

AIT

advanced intelligent tape (drive)

ALA

application launch accelerator (Intel)

ALE

application launching and embedding (Citrix)

AMR

advanced manufacturing research

AMS

advanced manufacturing scheduling

ANS

assured network services

ANSI

American National Standards Institute

APC

advanced process control

API

application-program interface

API

application control interface

APICS

American Production and Inventory Control Society

APS

advanced planning and scheduling

ARC

advanced regulatory control

ASIC

application-specific integrated circuit

ASN

advanced ship notifications

ATE

automatic test equipment

ATM

asynchronous transfer mode

ATP

advanced technology program (U.S.)

ATS

automatic technical support

AWE

asymptotic waveform evaluation

B

BAPI

business application programming interface

BBR

basic backup and recovery

BI

business intelligence

BIOS

basic input/output system

BOI

business object interfaces

BOM

bill of materials

BPE

business process engineering

BPR

business process reengineering

C

C++

object-oriented programming language for Internet

CAD

computer-aided design

CAE

computer-aided engineering

CAFM

computer-aided facilities management

CAGR

compound annual growth rate

CAM

computer-aided manufacturing

CAM

customer asset management

CAN

controller area network

CAPE

computer-aided process engineering

CASE

computer-aided software engineering

CBT

computer-based training

CCB

change control board (Agile)

CCM

comprehensive client manager

CD

compact disc

CD-R

CD-recordable

CD-RW

CD-rewritable

CDDI

copper-distributed data interchange

CDE

common desktop environment

CEMS

continuous emissions monitoring system

CFD

computational fluid dynamics

CFS

continuous-flow monitoring

CGI

computer-generated imaging

CIFS

common internet file system

CIM

computer-integrated manufacturing

CIS

component information system

CISC

complex-instruction-set computing

CMC

cell monitoring and control

CMMS

computerized maintenance-management system

CMOS

complementary metal oxide semiconductor

CMS

customer-management software

CNC

computer numerical control

COM

component-object model

CORBA

common object request broker architecture

COSE

common open software environment

COTS

commercial off-the-shelf

CPFR

"collaborative planning, forecasting, and replenishment"

CPG

consumer packaged goods

CPLD

complex programmable-logic device

CPU

central processing unit

CRB

change review board

CRM

customer-relationship management

CRP

capacity-requirements planning

CRT

cathode ray tube

CSA

Canadian Standards Association

CSG

computer systems group

CSM

component and supplies management

CSRP

customer synchronized resource planning

CSS

cascading style sheet

CSS

customer-support system

D

D/A

digital to analog

DAO

data access objects

DAS

data-acquisition system

DAT

digital audio tape

DB

database

DBA

database administrator

DBR

drum-buffer-rope

DCC

digital content creation

DCOM

distributed component-object model

DCS

data communications system

DCS

distributed control system

DDE

dynamic data exchange

DE

digitally enhanced

DHCP

dynamic host configuration protocol

DLL

dynamic-link library

DLT

digital linear tape

DM

document management

DMCS

distributed manufacturing and control software

DMI

desktop management interface

DNA

distributed InterNet architecture

DNA

dynamic InterNet architecture

DNM

domain name services

DNS

domain name service

DOE

design of experiment

DOM

document-object model

DP

differential pressure

DRAM

dynamic random access memory

DRM

distributed resource management

DRP

distribution-requirements planning

DSP

digital signal processing

DSP

digital signal processor

DV

digital video

DVB

digital video broadcasts

DVD

digital video disc

DWF

drawing Web format (Autodesk)

DXF

data interchange format

DXF

drawing interchange format

E

EC

electronic commerce

ECAD

electronic computer-aided design

ECO

engineering change order

ECS

enterprise control system

EDA

electronic-design automation

EDA

enterprise data access

EDI

electronic data interchange

EDM

electrical discharge machine

EDM

electronic data management

EDM

engineering data management

EDMS

electronic data management system

EDP

enterprise development partners (Microsoft)

EFTPS

electronic federal tax payment system

EIM

enterprise information management

EMC

electromagnetic compatibility

EMD

"engineering, manufacturing, design"

EMI

electromagnetic interference

EMS

energy management system

EMS

electronics manufacturing services

EMT

enterprise material transfer

ENE

EDA for the networked enterprise

ERM

enterprise relational management

ERP

enterprise resource planning

ESDS

emergency shutdown system

ETO

engineer-to-order

ETT

extraction and transformation tool

F

FA

factory automation

FAS

fixed-asset solutions (Best)

FAS

field automation system

FCS

field control system

FCS

finite capacity scheduling

FDA

factory data automation

FDC

factory data collection

FDDI

fiber-distributed data interchange

FIP

factory instrumentation protocol

FMP

flexible manufacturing plant

FMS

factory management system

FMS

factory message specification

FPGA

field-programmable gate array

FSR

financial statement and reporting (Baan)

FTP

file transfer protocol

G

G/L

general ledger

GAL

global address list

GEM

generic equipment model

GEMS

global enterprise management system

GIF

graphical interchange format

GIL

global interlink network (Chevron)

GIS

geographic information system

GMC

general motion control

GMP

good manufacturing practice

GOSIP

government systems interconnect protocol

GPS

global positioning system

GQL

graphical query language

GUI

graphical user interface

H

HAIS

high-availability Internet service

HAL

hardware abstraction layer

HART

highway addressable remote transducer

HCL

hardware-compatibility list

HDL

hardware description language

HDLC

high-level data link control

HHT

handheld terminal

HMI

human/machine interface

HPC

handheld personal computer

HPSA

highly parallel system architecture

HSM

hierarchical storage management

HTML

hypertext markup language

HTTP

hypertext transfer protocol (Internet)

HVAC

"heating, ventilating, air-conditioning"

I

I/O

input/output

IAI

International Alliance for Interoperability

IC

integrated circuit

ICA

independent computing architecture (Citrix)

ICA

Internet component assistant (OrCAD)

ICC

industrial control computer (Nematron)

ICC

International Color Consortium

ICR

intelligent character recognition

IDIQ

"indefinite delivery, indefinite quantity"

IDM

integrated document management

IEC

International Electrotechnical Commission

IFC

industry foundation classes

IGBT

insulated gate bipoloar transistor

IGES

International Graphics Exchange Standard

IIS

Internet information server

IMAP

Internet mail-access protocol

INE

intelligent network elements

IP

Internet protocol (see TCP/IP)

IPC

industrial process control

IPS

interactive product simulation

IPX

internetwork packet exchange

IRC

Internet relay chat

IS

information systems

ISA

industry standard architecture

ISA

Instrument Society of America

ISA

instrumentation systems automation

ISM

integrated system management

ISO

International Organization for Standardization

ISP

Internet service provider

ISP

interoperable systems project

ISV

independent software vendor

ITAA

International Technology Association of America

ITO

information technology outsourcing

ITU

International Telecommunication Union

IVA

import validation agent

J

JAVA

object-oriented programming language for Internet

JDBC

java database connectivity

JIT

just in time

K

KBE

knowledge-based engineering

kHz

kiloHertz

KPI

key performance indicators

KVA

kilovolt ampere

KW

kilowatt

L

L/P

labor performance

LAN

local-area network

LCD

liquid-crystal display

LCI

load-commutated inverter

LDAP

lightweight directory-access protocol

LED

light-emitting diode

LES

logistics execution system

LIMS

laboratory information management system

LON

local operating network

LPI

load port interface

LRQA

Lloyd's Register of Quality Assurance

LSF

load-sharing facility

LSI

large-scale integration

M

mA

milliAmpere

MAPI

messaging application programming interface

MCA

manufacturing cost accounting

MCAD

mechanical computer-aided design

MCO

manufacturing change order

MDA

mechanical design automation

MDAC

Microsoft Data Access Components

MDI

multiple document interface

MES

manufacturing execution system

MFA

model-free adaptive

MIMS

"messaging, information, and media sector"

MIPS

millions of instructions per second

MIS

management information system

MISF

Microsoft Inernet security framework

MLP

multiloop controller

MMC

Microsoft management console

MMRC

Microelectronics Marketing Research Council

MMS

manufacturing message specification

MOC

management of change

MOM

message-oriented middleware

MPS

master production schedule

MPU

microprocessor unit

MRA

model-reference adaptive

MRO

"maintenance, repair, and overhaul"

MRP

materials requirements planning

MRPII

manufacturing resource planning

MSDN

Microsoft data network

MSDS

material safety data sheet

MSE

machine-shop estimating

MSP

Microsoft solution provider

MSS

manufacturing software system

MTBF

mean time between failure

MTO

make-to-order

MTPB

meantime to pay back

MTTR

mean time to repair

N

NC

network computer

NC

numerical control

NCMS

National Center for Manufacturing Sciences

NEMA

National Electric Manufacturers Association

NEMI

National Electronics Manufacturing Initiative

NFS

network file system

NIC

network interface card

NIST

National Institute of Standards and Technology

NIST

National Institute of Standards & Technology

NLP

natural-language processing

NNTP

network news transport protocol

NT

new technology

NURBS

nonuniform rational B splines

O

OCR

optical character recognition

OCS

OLE (object linking and embedding) custom control

ODBC

open database connectivity

ODBMS

object database management systems

OEE

overall equipment effectiveness

OFS

optical file system

OI

operator interface

OLAP

online analytical processing

OLE

object linking and embedding

OLTP

online transaction processing

OMG

object management group

OMS

operational method sheet

OOP

object-oriented programming

OPC

OLE (object linking and embedding) for process control

ORB

object request broker

OSF

Open Software Foundation

OSI

open systems interconnect

P

P/O

purchase order and receiving

PAC

platform adapter component

PAS

process automation system

PBX

private branch exchange

PC

personal computer

PCB

printed circuit board

PCI

peripheral component interconnect

PCM

product change management

PCS

process control system

PD

positive displacement

PDF

portable document format

PDK

professional developers kit

PDLA

"plant design, layout, and analysis"

PDM

product data management

PDS

plant design system.

PDS

programmable device support

PFA

predictive failure analysis

PFD

process flow diagram

PHD

plant history database

PI

plant information

PID

proportional integral derivative

PIM

personal information management

PIM

product information management

PLC

programmable logic controller

PLD

programmable-logic design

PLD

programmable logic device

PM

production management

PMC

process monitoring and control

PMD

programmable message display

PMS

production management system

POSIX

portable operating system interface

PP-PI

production planning-process industries (SAP)

PPTP

point-to-point tunneling protocol

PR

payroll

PSI

pounds per square inch

PWA

printed wiring assembly

PWM

pulse width modulation

PWS

personal workstation

Q

QC

quality control

R

R/C

resistance/capicitanse

RAD

rapid application development

RAID

redundant arrays of independent disks

RAM

randon access memory

RAS

remote access server

RCSA

root-cause failure analysis

RDBMS

relational database management system

RDMS

relational database-management system

RDO

remote data objects

RDP

remote desktop protocol

RDS

remote data service (formerly ADC)

RFDC

radio frequency data communication/collection

RFI

radio frequency interference

RFQ

request for quote

RFS

relational financial system

RISC

reduced-instruction-set computing

RLL

relay ladder logic

RMPCT

robust multivariable predictive control technology

ROC

remote operation controller

ROI

return on investment

ROLAP

relational online analytical processing

ROM

read-only memory

RPC

remote procedure call

RPM

revolutions per minute

RRC

regular regulatory control

RSL

resilient server links

RT

realtime

RTD

resistance temperature detector

RTOS

realtime operating system

RTU

remote terminal unit

RTX

realtime extension

S

SAMA

Scientific Apparatus Makers Association

SAN

storage-area network

SAP

systems applications and products

SAT

save ACIS text file format

SCADA

supervisory control and data acquisition

SCE

supply-chain execution

SCM

supply-chain management

SCOPE

"supply-chain optimization, planning, and execution"

SCP

service control point

SCR

silicon-controlled rectifier

SCSI

small-computer system interface

SDK

software development kit

SDLC

synchronous data link control

SDRAM

synchronous dynamic random access memory

SEMI

Semiconductor Equipment and Materials International

SFA

sales-force automation

SFC

sequential function chart

SFC

shop-floor control

SI

systems integrator

SLC

soft-logic control

SLDC

single-loop digital control

SMIF

standard mechanical interface

SMP

symmetrical multiprocessing

SMS

systems management server

SMS

systems management software

SMT

surface-mount technology

SMTP

simple mail transfer protocol

SNA

systems network architecture

SOP

standard operating procedure

SP50

standards and practice committee No. 50 (ISA)

SPC

statistical process control

SPOOL

simultaneous print operations online

SPR

surface plasmon resonance

SQC

statistical quality control

SQL

structured query language

SQM

software quality management

SRM

system resource management

SSL

secure sockets layer

T

TAPI

telephone application program interface

TCO

total cost of ownership

TCP/IP

transmission control protocol/Internet protocol

TCT

total cycle time

TDM

technical data management

TLA

"three-letter acronym (also MLA, multiletter acronym)"

TMS

transportation-management system

TP

transaction processing

TPH

total plant history

TPS

total plant solution

TQL

total quality control

TQM

top-quality management

U

UCS

universal communication system

UDA

universal data access

UL

Underwriters Laboratory

UML

unified modeling language

UML

unified modeling language

URL

uniform resource locator (Internet)

V

VAR

value-added reseller

VAV

variable air volume

VB

visual basic (Microsoft)

VBA

visual basic for applications

VBX

visual basic custom control

VDU

visual display unit

VFD

variable-frequency drive

VHDL

very-high-level design language

VLM

very large memory

VLSI

very-large-scale integration

VMI

vendor-managed inventory

VML

vector markup language

VMS

virtual memory system

VOM

virtual object modeling

VPM

virtual product management

VPN

virtual privacy network

VRM

vendor return management

VRMC

vertical-reality modeling language

VSD

variable-speed drive

VTQ

"value, timestamp, and quality"

VVI

variable-voltage inverter

W

WAN

wide-area network

WBEM

Web-based enterprise management

WfM

wired for management

WIP

work in process

WMS

warehouse management system

WMS

warehouse-management system

WORM

"write once, read many"

WOSA

Windows open system architecture (Microsoft)

WWW

worldwide Web

X

XMAPI

extended messaging application programming

XML

extensible markup language

Y

Y2K

year 2000

Z

ZAW

zero-administration initiative (Microsoft)

 

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